English craftsmen, or English craft usages, it may be supposed, passed into Scotland by way of the great towns rather than of the smaller ones. Moreover, there is the assurance on good authority that a minute inspection of its ruins proves its erection to have been antedated by some eighty or ninety years.
We had great difficulty to find members enough to perform the ceremony. The Freemason, July 31, I88o. The Diary proceeds Dec. On removing from Oxford to London inDr. Andrews and ravaged the whole country, south and west. But even were we to accept the dates of erection of the chief ecclesiastical buildings, as those of the introduction of Masonry into the various districts of Scotland, it would be found, says the historian of the Lodge of Melrose, that Kelso stood first, Edinburgh second, Melrose third, Kilwinning fourth.
Anderson was certainly a Scotsman and to this circumstance must be attributed his introduction of many operative terms from the vocabulary of the sister kingdom into his Book of Constitutions.
It runs Be it knouen to all men to whom these Extracted be me presents shall come that Robert Wincester upon hath lafuly done his dutie to the science the i 2 3 and 4 of Masonrie in witnes wherof J.
An entry in the diary of Dr. The word six can hardly be a misprint, as it occurs twice in the work pp. Whytehead observes Nothing is named about the qualification for the chair and, as Bro. When former Grand Officers, with those of 2 5 Lodges, paid their Homage.
In the fifteenth century, even in the best parts of Scotland, the inhabitants could not manufacture the most necessary articles, which they imported largely from Bruges. Anderson at a period when troubles crowded thickly upon him, very shortly before his death.
Neither is it likely that French or other Continental customs became permanently engrafted on the Scottish Masonic system. After this it became a public fashion, not only spred over Brittain and Ireland, but [over] all of Europe.
Now several old Brothers, that had neglected the Craft, visited the Lodges; some Noblethen were also made Brothers, and more new Lodges were constituted.
According to the historians of the Middle Ages, the Scots certainly came from Egypt, for they were originally the issue of Scota, who was a daughter of Pharaoh and who bequeathed to them her name.
Melrose, it is true, stands on the border line of the two countries and its beautiful Abbey, as previously stated, is also betwixt the two in style. Two remarkable entries in Dr. The authority of Anderson, on all points within his own knowledge, is not to be lightly impeached.
Two observations are necessary. Indeed, it is clear almost to demonstration, that the usages wherein the Masons of Scotland differed from the other trades of that country were of English derivation.
On the whole we shall, perhaps, not go far astray, in assuming that the lost exemplars of the Old Charges extant in both kingdoms, or, to speak more correctly, those of the normal or ordinary versions, were in substance identical. Sir David Brewster, in his compilation, alludes to numerous and elegant ruins then still adorning the villages of Scotland, as having been " erected by foreign masons, who introduced into this island the customs of their order.
Dunfermline, associated with so many historic reminiscences, at the end of the fourteenth century was still a poor village, composed of wooden huts.
If, indeed, a traditionary history existed at all in Britain, before the reign of Edward III, as it seems to have done, this, for several reasons, would seem the most likely period at which such transfusion of ideas occurred. And after the Rebellion was over A. At the same period, the houses in Edinburgh itself were mere huts thatched with boughs and, even as late as 16oo, they were chiefly built of wood.
Yet it is free from doubt that after the war of independence in the thirteenth century, the Scottish people, in their language, their institutions and their habits, gradually became estranged from England.
He died in indigence at a Bernardine convent in Catalonia, May 31, The English were able to send them and the Scots required them. Laurence Dermott in the third edition of his Ahiman Re.
Desaguliers Deputy Master, for the year ensuing. Some general notes on the foregoing may here be interpolated. All subsequent writers appear to have copied from Anderson in their accounts of the proceedings ofthough the details are occasionally varied.
Irving, History of Dumbartonsbire,pp. This Year, at some private Lodges, several very valuable Manuscripts for they had nothing yet in Print concerning the Fraternity, their Lodges, Regulations, Charges, Secrets, and Usages particularly one writ by Mr Nicholas Stone the Warden of Inigo Jones were too hastily burnt by some scrupulous Brothers ; that those Papers might not fall into strange Hands.Law Essays – Negligence Damages Breach.
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