Steps in writing a literature review

For faculty writing literature reviews for articles, this system also could work, especially when you are writing in a field you are already familiar with. You can begin anywhere, because you already know the order.

Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing.

As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature.

If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field e. Definitions of key terms and concepts.

Skim the contents of each book and article and look specifically for these five things: Be consistent in how you record notes. Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review.

Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases. Decide on your areas of research: In the case of this Educ introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus.

Find books in the library that are relevant and check them out. If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references.

If you are uncertain which style to use, ask your professor Check to make sure that you have not plagiarized either by failing to cite a source of information, or by using words quoted directly from a source. Repeat this for each section of your literature review. Skim the contents of each book and article and look for these five things: Before you begin to search for articles or books, decide beforehand what areas you are going to research.

Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks.

Are there ideas that contradict each other? Claims, conclusions, and findings about the constructs you are investigating 2. Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings.

Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Redefine your topic if needed: As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review.

Write the Body of the Paper Follow the plan you have developed above, making certain that each section links logically to the one before and after, and that you have divided your sections by themes or subtopics, not by reporting the work of individual theorists or researchers.

Make sure to note the name of the author and the page number following each excerpt.

However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Import your references into your RefWorks account see: When you are done, print out the document. That balance will depend on how much you already know.

I think it provides an excellent guide for getting through the massive amounts of literature in any field. When you are done, print out your excerpts. You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later.

Identify major trends or patterns:Oct 01,  · Once you complete these six steps, you will have a complete draft of your literature review. The great thing about this process is that it breaks down into manageable steps something that seems enormous: writing a literature review.

Writing a Literature Review Definition A literature review is both a summary and explanation of the complete and current state of knowledge on a limited topic as found in academic books and journal articles. Conducting a literature review is usually recursive, meaning that somewhere along the way, you'll find yourself repeating steps out-of-order.

That is actually a good sign. Reviewing the research should lead to more research questions and those questions will likely lead you to either revise your. Writing a literature review is a skill that can be learned—and anyone can learn it.

These ten steps can help make your task easier. First, you want to double-check the thoroughness of your literature search. Below is a summary of the steps they outline as well as a step-by-step method for writing a literature review. Step One: Decide on your areas of research: Before you begin to search for articles or books, decide beforehand what areas you are going to research.

Guidelines for writing a literature review Download
Steps in writing a literature review
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