The age of exploration overview

European sailing had been primarily close to land cabotageguided by portolan charts. With this victory, England began its ascent as a premier naval power, which bolstered its colonial efforts, and Spain fell into a slow decline.

By the end of the seventeenth century the French controlled the St. Within a few generations, Native Americans in the plains region became experts on horseback, expanding their hunting and trading capabilities and dramatically transforming Native American culture.

England Compared to other European powers, England got a relatively late start in the exploration and colonization of the New World. Meanwhile, from the s to the s, Russians explored and conquered almost the whole of Siberiaand Alaska in the s.

Most were Italians, as trade between Europe and the Middle East was controlled mainly by the Maritime republics. He set out from Spain and after a ten-week journey, reach the Bahamas on October 12, Disease and environmental changes resulted in the destruction of the majority of the native population over time, while Europeans continued to extract natural resources from these territories.

Henry the Navigator founded a navigation school and sponsored expeditions to find the southern tip of Africa. By the end of the 16th century, Spain had become less powerful.

Columbus first sailed to the Canary Islands, where he restocked for what turned out to be a five-week voyage across the ocean, crossing a section of the Atlantic that became known as the Sargasso Sea.

Another source was the Radhanite Jewish trade networks of merchants established as go-betweens between Europe and the Muslim world during the time of the Crusader states. These overland journeys had little immediate effect.

Around the turn of the seventeenth century, Spanish settlers moved into the Southwest, establishing the colony of Santa Fe in As shipping between Seville and the West Indies grew, knowledge of the Caribbean islands, Central America and the northern coast of South America grew.

There, in what came to be called the "Gold Coast" in what is today Ghanaa thriving alluvial gold trade was found among the natives and Arab and Berber traders.

Christopher Columbus

In the next decade several captains at the service of Prince Henry — including the Genoese Antonio da Noli and Venetian Alvise Cadamosto — discovered the remaining islands which were occupied during the 15th century.

In lieu of the material riches he had promised the Spanish monarchs, he sent some slaves to Queen Isabella. Still, the Spanish monarchy, determined to eliminate their New World rivals, dispatched the great Spanish Armada in to attack the British off the coast of England.

Conquistadors plundered the indigenous tribes for treasure and slave labor. The French led the charge to find a Northwest Passage, a much-hoped-for water route through which ships might be able to cross the Americas to access Asia.

In Mexico, the native population plummeted from 25 million in to 2 million by Its sources of gold in the Americas had dried up and England had destroyed its fleet of ships in an historic battle between the two countries. Atlantic Ocean — See also: Ferdinand and Isabella wanted the same, along with the opportunity to export Catholicism to lands across the globe.

This led to significant lower long distance shipping costs by the 14th century. For this reason, Europeans set out to find an ocean passage to the East, at a time when very few seamen had ever sailed out of sight of land.The Age of Exploration chapter of this Western Civilization I Help and Review course is the simplest way to master the history of the Age of Exploration.

The Age of Discovery is sometimes called the Age of Exploration, and the two terms are often used interchangeably.

The Age of Exploration Overview

The Age of Discovery was a period of time between the s and s, when global exploration took place at an unprecedented level. The Age of Exploration focuses on the European discovery and exploration of new lands from to - The Age of Exploration Overview introduction. During this time, Europeans learned about – and sometimes destroyed – other civilizations.

Europeans colonized and spread their culture in the Americas. They also formed colonies in India, Africa, and. age of exploration overview The Age of Exploration, or Age of Discovery, is one of the most important events in the history of the western world.

It began in the early 15th century and continued until the end of the 17th century, and involved European explorers using their navigational skills to travel the world. This period is known as the Age of Exploration.

During this age, European explorers searched for trade routes, overseas wealth, and adventure. Technological innovations spurred the exploration boom. The Age of Exploration was when Portugal, Spain, England, and France explored and colonized The New World.

They also explored and colonized the Philippines and Age of Exploration was when the Americas, new islands, and new knowledge of the continents on Earth were found.

The age of exploration overview
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