Except in Cochinchina French: Laos and Cambodia also became independent inbut were both drawn into the Vietnam War. French-Thai War —41 [ edit ] Main article: Quarantined in theory and by the French police from politics and drastic change, local people were forbidden to grow up, meaning that the civilizing mission could never be complete.
South Vietnamese leader Diem rejected the idea of nationwide election as proposed in the agreement, saying that a free election was impossible in the communist North and that his government was not bound by the Geneva Accords.
In the Japanese occupied the Tonkin area of northern Vietnam and in the following year the rest of Indochina. The fact that nationalism was very strong within Indochina only inflamed the unpopularity of the French.
The federation lasted until 21 July In Cambodia, the French restored the medieval temple complex of Angkor and in effect presented the Khmer with the gift of a history that they had forgotten. Bitter fighting ensued in the First Indochina War as Ho and his government took to the hills.
The Japanese then urged local rulers, who had been handpicked by the French, to declare independence. The French were drawn to Cambodia by illusory notions of commercial rewards that might accrue via the unmapped Mekong River.
At the same time, roads and railroads, market towns, automobiles, movies and radio, telecommunications, the expansion of education, and the growth of cities—developments in which the French participated but could not control—took place alongside the ongoing political repression that kept local people in check and has preoccupied so many writers.
Intentionally or not, they destroyed the old, Confucian-based administrative order, and created opportunities for the Vietnamese elite to imagine and devise new ways of governing their country.
A legacy of French town planning, official architecture, and design is still visible in Indochina, especially in the larger towns. In the four protectorates, the French formally left the local rulers in power, who were the Emperors of VietnamKings of Cambodiaand Kings of Luang Prabangbut in fact gathered all powers in their hands, the local rulers acting only as figureheads.
The Lao princes were happy to exchange the patronage of the Siamese ruler in Bangkok for open-ended, relatively genteel French protection. The process of domination involved infantilizing their colonial proteges.
Six years later, thanks to the Japanese, all the components of Indochina declared their independence, and France had to fight its way back into the region. The economic structure was also differentiated by the French, as they introduced taxes, currency. British support for French colonialism opposed by the United States meant that several hundred French troops were able to reenter Cochin China and reassert control there and in Cambodia.
Scholars have also drawn attention to the complex social history of the region, where developments occurred without reference to the political interplay between the French and the Vietnamese.
The French did, however, manage to convert millions of Indochinese to Catholicism, however, this was mainly because they were threatened and effectively forced to do so.
Nonetheless, in an article of this length, resistance has to occupy a prominent position.All the elements that make Luang Prabang one of Southeast Asia’s most beautiful towns also make it a photographer’s dream, including its valley location surrounded by scenic rivers, its diverse architecture marrying modern, colonial and traditional elements as well as its warm, friendly people.
FRENCH INDOCHINA (Western Colonialism) Indochina is a French colony and four protectorates in Southeast Asia established between l andand covering the present-day territories of Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos.
Indochina Essay Examples. 7 total results. The Composition and Colonization of Indochina. 1, words. 4 pages. A Look at the Opposing Sides During the Vietnam War. 1, words.
4 pages. The Background Information of Indochina. words. 2 pages. A Report on Indochina.
1, words. 4 pages. The Colonization of Indochina Description La colonisation de l’Indo-Chine: L’Expérience anglaise (The colonization of Indochina: the English experience) is an case study of the British colonial experience in Asia and its lessons for France in the administration of French Indochina (present-day Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam).
Transcript of The Decolonization of Indochina The Decolonization of Indochina Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Loas, & Vietnam A process that took place during the countless years of war and internal strife In the s, the jungled regions of Indo-China were occupied by a number of asiatic peoples organized into several different kingdoms and.
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